For Catholics, the new Liturgical Year commences with the first Sunday of Advent. In this new liturgical year, the Church not only wishes to indicate the beginning of a period, but the beginning of a renewed commitment to the faith by all those who follow Christ, the Lord.

This time of prayer and path of penance that is so powerful, rich and intense, endeavors to give us a renewed impetus to truly welcome the message of the One who was incarnated for us. In fact, the entire Liturgy of the Advent season, will spur us to an awakening in our Christian life and will put us in a ‘vigilant’ disposition, to wait for Our Lord Jesus who is coming.

The four candles represent the 4 weeks of Advent.  The main color of Advent is purple, similar to the color for Lent. Purple is used to represent a season of penance and preparation, as Advent is for Christmas and Lent is for Easter. 

The three purple candles of Advent symbolize prayer, penance, and good works done in preparation for Christmas. The pink or rose-colored candle is used on Gaudete Sunday to represent rejoicing. This marks the halfway point of Advent, and we rejoice as we come closer to Christmas.